Statistics at a glance
The Islamic Republic of Iran has made significant advances in research, higher education and technology since 1990. It has a vast wealth of oil and gas (O&G) reserves, estimated as the 4th and the 2nd largest in the world, respectively, as well as significant minerals and other natural resources. Despite this, it has managed to avoid the so-called “natural resource curse”. The industrial sector has grown both in scope and diversity in recent decades, making Iran the most economically diversified economy, with the lowest dependence on O&G incomes, compared with other oil-rich countries in the Middle East. During the past two decades, Iran has committed itself to the development of a dynamic national innovation system (NIS) and has been moving steadily towards a knowledge- and innovation-based economy. The period of international sanctions strengthened its resolve to achieve this goal. As a result of this commitment, the country’s human resource base is now impressive: it has a large number of well-educated, trained and energetic Iranians both at home and among the diaspora living abroad as scientists, entrepreneurs and business people. At present, Iran is seeking to reinforce its productive capacity, encourage international collaboration to exchange technology and know-how, and engage more actively in innovative activities to foster economic growth and sustainable development.
The STIP Review of the Islamic Republic of Iran was prepared under the supervision of Angel Gonzalez Sanz, Head of the Science, Technology and ICT Branch (UNCTAD) and published in 2016 (http://unctad.org/en/PublicationsLibrary/dtlstict2016d3_summary_en.pdf).
Some important statistics of this publication is following: